Subscriptions

Subscribers will receive Online access to our latest editions, as well as a copy of the book. As a current subscriber you can also purchase articles at a discounted rate from our previous editions, and receive a quarterly content update on upcoming volumes

Latest issue: SURGICAL TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL 29th Edition

Surgical Technology International - Peer-reviewed - Indexed on PUBMED
49 articles presenting  the latest operative surgical techniques and technological developments in Surgery.
STI-29-FC-243
SECTIONS:
 
Surg Technol Int. 2016 October; Volume 29 ISBN: 1-890131-24-5

 Previous Editions

   


 

SURGICAL TECHNOLOGY INTERNATIONAL 29TH EDITION e-pub

Abstract: We report on unexpected findings in 18 spinal cord injured peoples who underwent a laparoscopic bilateral implantation of neuroprosthesis (LION procedure) to the sciatic/femoral nerves pelvic somatic nerves for functional electrical stimulation (FES)-assisted locomotor training and continuous low-frequency electrical stimulation. Fifteen patients were paraplegics, three low tetraplegics, all of them...
Abstract: The number of individuals with chronic cutaneous wounds has been increasing worldwide due to an aging population, diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular disease. In the United States, almost seven million Americans have chronic skin ulcers. Many therapeutic approaches have been used. However, the treatment outcomes are not always ideal because of...
Abstract: Adipose derived regenerative cells (ADRCs) are a heterogeneous population of cells including multipotent adipose derived stems cells, other progenitor cells, fibroblasts, T-regulatory cells, and macrophages. Preclinical data exist supporting benefits that are predominantly through angiogenesis, modulation of inflammation, and wound remodeling. Such effects are likely paracrine in nature. The application...
Abstract: Introduction: This is the first systematic review to explore the evidence on PHMB and determine how effective this topical agent is for the treatment of chronic wounds. Materials and Methods: PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, the Cochrane library, and Scopus were searched for relevant articles published from 1946 to February...
Abstract: Melanoma is characterized by a high degree of chromosome instability (CIN), the loss or gain of entire chromosomes or pieces of chromosomes. Also, CIN is likely to drive the progression of benign melanocytic lesions to malignant tumors, although very little is known about the acquisition of the mechanisms that promote...
Abstract: Introduction: Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is defined as breathing 100% oxygen at a pressure ≥1.4 atmospheres absolute (ATA). Adjunct HBOT is one modality used for treatment of certain complex wounds. The resulting increase in oxygen delivery to wounded tissue has been associated with reduced edema, reduced inflammation, improved infection control,...
Abstract: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are a drain on the healthcare economy. A recent development for the primary prevention of wound infections is the use of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) on closed wounds. The Prevena™ Incision Management System (KCI USA, Inc., San Antonio, TX) is a new NPWT designed for...
Abstract: Introduction: The application of 0.1% polyhexanide-betaine gel and irrigating solution was used in place of saline during standard of care wound treatment for 70 chronic wounds of various etiologies. Our goal in this study sample was to investigate the number of days to wound closure, change in absolute wound size,...
Abstract: Background: Mini-laparoscopy (Mini) was pioneered more than 20 years ago. Newer generation mini instruments have recently become available with improved effector tips, a choice of shaft diameters and lengths, better shaft insulation and electrosurgery capability, improved shaft strength and rotation, more ergonomic handles, low-friction trocar options, and improved instrument durability....
Abstract: Background: Liver resection is the curative treatment for patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRLMs), with five-year survival rates of 30–50%. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a local and useful alternative for patients with non-resectable CRLMs to obtain complete tumor clearance. The aim of this study was to analyze survival rates with...
Abstract: Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (LVHR) remains a safe, reproducible, and popular method employed by surgeons to repair abdominal wall hernias. Patient selection, operative technique, instrumentation, and implant choice all remain surgeon dependent. Inherent in the technique is the option of using mesh. The decision of where to place the mesh...
Abstract: The use of the da Vinci robot for inguinal and ventral hernia repair has exponentially increased over the last five years. This increase is occurring in spite of historical cost analyses showing robotic surgery to be cost prohibitive for other general surgery procedures. Specific data regarding outcomes and cost analysis...
Abstract: Patients who undergo laparoscopic ventral hernia repair can have significant post-operative pain and discomfort from both somatic pain due to mesh fixation and visceral pain due to CO2 insufflation pressure. In an attempt to improve outcomes, a Clinical Quality Improvement (CQI) project was implemented by a multi-disciplinary hernia team. CQI tools...
Abstract: Introduction: Minimally invasive laparoscopic and robotic techniques for ventral hernia repair have evolved to achieve the benefits and minimize the limitations of both the open Rives-Stoppa sublay mesh repair and laparoscopic intraperitoneal onlay mesh (IPOM) repair. By combining the principles of a retromuscular repair with the benefits of a minimally...
Abstract: Single-port laparoscopic surgery is gaining increased attention because of its superiority in terms of cosmesis. A 1.5 cm vertical transumbilical incision is used for the single port, which is created by the glove method. We began applying single-port surgery to hernia repair in 2010, at which time we used the...
Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of non-ablative, monopolar transcutaneous temperature controlled radiofrequency (TTCRF) technology in the treatment of postmenopausal women suffering from genuine stress urinary incontinence (SUI) related to menopause and to evaluate histological changes vaginally associated with the treatment. Materials and Methods: Subjective...
Abstract: Endometrial ablation (EA) has become one of the most commonly performed gynecologic procedures in the United States and other developed countries. Global endometrial ablation (GEA) devices have supplanted resectoscopic ablation primarily because they have brought with them technical simplicity and unprecedented safety. These devices, all of which received FDA approval...
Abstract: Introduction and Hypothesis: 1) Evaluate the most common indication for sling removal in patients with synthetic mesh slings; 2) identify the location of pain for each of the three types of synthetic sling procedures including retropubic (RP) sling, transobturator (TOT) sling, and single incision slings (SIS), and 3) describe the...
Abstract: Biosurgical materials (biosurgicals) have a wide array of uses for providing hemostasis, including decreasing the risk of postoperative bleeding and, intraoperatively, controling bleeding. These materials are especially useful in situations where electrocautery, sutures, or clips are not feasible. Biosurgicals have long been used in general surgery and surgical subspecialties to...
Abstract: Background: Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich Syndrome (HWWS) is a rare Müllerian anomaly characterized by uterus didelphys coexisting with an obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis. Case: A 13-year-old female presented one-year after menarche with severe dysmenorrhea and a right-sided pelvic mass. Imaging identified a right uterus with hematometra, hematocolpos, absent right kidney, normal left...
Abstract: Study Objective: Synthetic mesh utilized to treat stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) can often result in postoperative complications. The objectives of this study were to determine: 1) the most common indications for mesh removal; 2) the incidences of the removal of specific mesh procedures (such as...
Abstract: Objective: Hemostasis is a critical component of all surgical procedures and especially cardiac surgery. In addition to traditional means, topical hemostatic agents have been reported to be extremely effective in terminating bleeding during cardiac procedures. We compared a hemostatic matrix sealant agent (HEMOPATCH Baxter Healthcare Corporation, Deerfield, IL) with alternative...
Abstract: Introduction: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) technique represents a real revolution in the field of interventional cardiology and medicine, in particular for the treatment of severe aortic valve stenosis in elderly patients or in patients when the periprocedural risk for the traditional surgical option is considered too high, as an...
Abstract: Background: Choosing the correct surgical staple height is dependent on knowledge of specific tissue thickness and compressibility. The purpose of this study was to measure the thickness of cadaveric human lung tissue. Materials and Methods: Between December 2012 and February 2013, whole lungs were procured from 12 donors. Inclusion criteria...
Abstract: VATS lobectomy is a safe and effective treatment strategy for operable stage I and II lung cancer. It has a similar five-year survival compared to open lobectomy (thoracotomy). VATS lobectomy is associated with less postoperative complications and shorter hospital length of stay when compared to lobectomy by thoracotomy. VATS lobectomy...
Abstract: Since the introduction of fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR) in 1996, great advances have been made in endograft development. Custom-made and off-the-shelf fenestrated and branched endografts have been used to treat patients with complex abdominal aortic and thoraco-abdominal aneurysms. Most experience has been gained with the Cook Zenith® fenestrated endograft (Cook...
Abstract: Outpatient total hip arthroplasty (THA) has remained controversial and challenging. Traditional hospital stays following total joint arthroplasty were substantial and resulted in increased rates of morbidity, significant pain, and severe restriction in mobility. Advancements in the surgical approach, anesthetic regimens, and the initiation of rapid rehabilitation protocols have had an...
Abstract: Introduction: Total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) has become a popular and successful surgery to treat advanced glenohumeral arthritis, rotator cuff arthropathy, and proximal humerus fractures. Historical data is available investigating the epidemiology of total shoulder arthroplasty with regard to patient characteristics, outcomes, and complications; however, there is a lack of studies...
Abstract: Femoral head core decompression is an efficacious joint-preserving procedure for treatment of early stage avascular necrosis. However, postoperative fractures have been described which may be related to the decompression technique used. Femoral head decompressions were performed on 12 matched human cadaveric femora comparing large 8mm single bore versus multiple 3mm...
Abstract: Traditional techniques to balance total knee arthroplasties are often subject to variability, as they are usually based on the surgeon's subjective assessment. Improperly balanced total knee arthroplasties can cause complications such as stiffness, pain, or instability, which may ultimately result in a revision procedure. In an effort to mitigate this,...
Abstract: Alkaptonuria is a rare hereditary metabolic disorder that leads to the accumulation of homogentisic acid accumulation and weakens the collagen, creating fissuring and articular cartilage degeneration. Therefore, we are reporting a multicenter case series of three patients (four arthroplasties) who presented with signs and symptoms of ochronotic arthropathy—and eventually underwent...
Abstract: Traumatic pubic symphysis diastases (PSD) are life-threatening injuries that often require operative fixation. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the outcomes of patients following various operative fixation techniques of these particular pelvic ring injuries. Specifically, we will analyze the role of: (1) surgical approach; (2) implant failure; and...
Abstract: The peroneal tubercle is an osseous prominence present on the calcaneus bone at the junction between the middle and the anterior third of its lateral surface. It is a bony septum which divides the tendons of the peroneus brevis and the peroneus longus and offers insertion to the inferior peroneal...
Abstract: Background: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using tendon or ligament autograft is the gold standard surgical treatment for acute ruptures; however, this is still associated with subsequent problems and variable outcomes. Renewed interest in healing of injured ACL tissue has led to new surgical repair techniques. Case Description: We report the...
Abstract: Introduction: The gender-specific total knee arthroplasty (TKA) debate focuses on differences in distal femoral mediolateral to anteroposterior aspect ratio between males and females. However, randomized studies have been unable to demonstrate significant differences in outcomes utilizing gender-specific implants. No studies have examined the effect of intermediate femoral component sizes on...
Abstract: The reamer-irrigator-aspirator (RIA) system has been recently developed to decrease the incidence of osseous thermal necrosis and fat embolism associated with intramedullary reaming of long bones in trauma cases. This is achieved by continuous irrigation and suction. Recently, the use of RIA has been expanded to harvest bone graft and...
Abstract: Introduction: Stiffness and loss of motion following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a complex and multifactorial complication that may require manipulation under anesthesia (MUA). However, patient and surgical factors that potentially influence the development of knee stiffness following TKA are not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to...
Abstract: Introduction: Functional outcome following total hip arthroplasty (THA) is affected by accurate component positioning and restoration of hip biomechanics. Robotic-assisted THA (rTHA) has been shown to improve accuracy of component positioning, but its impact on functional outcomes has not been demonstrated. The purpose of this study was to compare: 1)...
Abstract: Introduction: Patient-specific implants and instruments (PSI) have been used in both knee and shoulder replacements due to the perceived benefits of improved surgical accuracy and efficiency. The proposed benefits of using a PSI in total hip arthroplasty (THA) are numerous and include reduction of operative time and improved mechanical and...
Abstract: Introduction: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a common surgery presenting well-known failures that may require surgical revision. To reduce the risk of hip dislocation after revision THA, we hypothesize the interest of the use of a new generation dual mobility cup by evaluating its survival and complication rates. Materials and Methods:...
Abstract: Objectives: Acute pain in the postoperative period after total joint arthroplasty (TJA) has a significant effect on early rehabilitation, hospital length of stay, and the development of chronic pain. Consequently, efforts have been made to predict the occurrence of postoperative pain using preoperative and intraoperative factors. In this study, we...
Abstract: Introduction: Patients may experience knee stiffness following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Non-operative measures, such as more physical therapy and special splints are warranted in such cases. In the event of failure of these measures to restore knee range of motion, more invasive procedures with higher risks, such as manipulation under...
Abstract: Background: In past decades, polyethylene wear was a major cause of failure in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Polyethylene for use in arthroplasty has been vastly improved in recent years, with improved materials as well as manufacturing and sterilization processes. Testing has shown that infusion of vitamin E prevents oxidative degradation...
Abstract: Introduction: The purpose of this study was to: 1) determine the incidence of revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA); 2) correlate the percent of glycated hemoglobin with incidence of revision; and 3) determine the cause of revision in diabetic patients stratified by a glycated hemoglobin level. Materials and Methods: We analyzed 424,107...
Abstract: Introduction: Spine surgeons are embracing advanced biologic technologies in an attempt to help millions of people achieve a better outcome in spine surgery. These new technologies may be complicated to understand, partly because the contribution of different types of cells has not been definitively identified. This paper describes the characteristics...
Abstract: The introduction of modern endoscopy in neurosurgery brought light to one of the darkest areas: the skull base. In particular, the trans-nasal route allowed skull base surgeons to visualize and dominate the entire midline skull base. We analyzed our surgical series of 199 patients that were affected by several pathologies...
Abstract: Objective: A novel motion-preserving technique to directly repair pars defects. Moreover, the indications for repair are expanded to include those with disc disease and associated spondylolisthesis. Summary of Background Data: The challenge in treating pars defects has been that there are few techniques available to stabilize them adequately. Treatment has focused...
Abstract: Background: How the relative volume of an epidural abscess on MRI affects outcomes with antibiotics alone has limited literature. The purpose of this study was to identify which infected epidural collections will reabsorb with antibiotics alone. Specifically, what is the critical size and enhancement on contrast MRIs to require a...
Abstract: Introduction: Obtaining blood or tissue cultures prior to administration of antibiotics has been the standard of care in the treatment of osteomyelitis of the spine. A delay in diagnosis of vertebral osteomyelitis is the primary culprit for the inaccuracy of blood cultures and biopsies. The purpose of this study was...
 

Featured Articles

delay-in-diagnosis-of-vertebral-osteomyelitis-affects-the-utility-of-cultures Abstract: Introduction: Obtaining blood or tissue cultures prior to administration of antibiotics has been the standard of care in the...
when-do-you-drain-epidural-abscesses-of-the-spine Abstract: Background: How the relative volume of an epidural abscess on MRI affects outcomes with antibiotics alone has limited literature....
a-novel-motion-preservation-technique-for-intra-and-intra-intersegmental-repair-of-spondylolysis-and-spondylolisthesis-the-lin-technique Abstract: Objective: A novel motion-preserving technique to directly repair pars defects. Moreover, the indications for repair are expanded...
3d-hd-endoscopy-in-skull-base-surgery-from-darkness-to-light Abstract: The introduction of modern endoscopy in neurosurgery brought light to one of the darkest areas: the skull base. In particular, the...
stem-cells-in-spine-surgery Abstract: Introduction: Spine surgeons are embracing advanced biologic technologies in an attempt to help millions of people achieve a better...
do-pre-operative-glycated-hemoglobin-levels-correlate-with-the-incidence-of-revision-in-diabetic-patients-that-undergo-total-knee-arthroplasty Abstract: Introduction: The purpose of this study was to: 1) determine the incidence of revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA); 2) correlate...
early-experience-with-vitamin-e-antioxidant-infused-highly-cross-linked-polyethylene-inserts-in-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty Abstract: Background: In past decades, polyethylene wear was a major cause of failure in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Polyethylene for use...
innovative-multi-modal-physical-therapy-reduces-incidence-of-manipulation-under-anesthesia-mua-in-non-obese-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty Abstract: Introduction: Patients may experience knee stiffness following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Non-operative measures, such as more...
pressure-pain-threshold-as-a-predictor-of-acute-postoperative-pain-following-total-joint-arthroplasty Abstract: Objectives: Acute pain in the postoperative period after total joint arthroplasty (TJA) has a significant effect on early...
prevention-of-dislocation-risk-during-hip-revision-surgery-with-the-dual-mobility-concept-study-of-a-new-generation-of-dual-mobility-cups Abstract: Introduction: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a common surgery presenting well-known failures that may require surgical revision....
novel-patient-specific-instruments-for-acetabular-preparation-and-cup-placement Abstract: Introduction: Patient-specific implants and instruments (PSI) have been used in both knee and shoulder replacements due to the...
improved-functional-outcomes-with-robotic-compared-with-manual-total-hip-arthroplasty Abstract: Introduction: Functional outcome following total hip arthroplasty (THA) is affected by accurate component positioning and...
factors-associated-with-range-of-motion-recovery-following-manipulation-under-anesthesia Abstract: Introduction: Stiffness and loss of motion following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a complex and multifactorial complication...
the-reamer-irrigator-aspirator-system-a-review Abstract: The reamer-irrigator-aspirator (RIA) system has been recently developed to decrease the incidence of osseous thermal necrosis and...
increased-femoral-component-size-options-improves-manipulation-rate-in-females-and-knee-society-clinical-scores-in-males Abstract: Introduction: The gender-specific total knee arthroplasty (TKA) debate focuses on differences in distal femoral mediolateral to...