Laparoscopic Stapled Sublay Repair With Self-Gripping Mesh: A Simplified Technique for Minimally Invasive Extraperitoneal Ventral Hernia Repair


Introduction: Minimally invasive laparoscopic and robotic techniques for ventral hernia repair have evolved to achieve the benefits and minimize the limitations of both the open Rives-Stoppa sublay mesh repair and laparoscopic intraperitoneal onlay mesh (IPOM) repair. By combining the principles of a retromuscular repair with the benefits of a minimally invasive approach, these techniques attempt to decrease recurrence, increase functionality, exclude mesh from the viscera, limit infection and wound complications, and minimize pain. The difficult ergonomics, challenging dissection, and extensive suturing make traditional laparoscopic sublay repair technically challenging and has led to increased robotic utilization to overcome these limitations. We describe a laparoscopic extraperitoneal sublay mesh repair technique using an endoscopic stapler to facilitate reapproximation of the linea alba and creation of the retromuscular space, and self-gripping mesh to position and fixate the prosthetic. Materials and Methods: Between January and June 2016, 10 patients with midline ventral and incisional hernias underwent laparoscopic extraperitoneal stapled sublay mesh repair with self-gripping mesh. Three of these cases included a laparoscopic posterior component separation with myofascial release of the transversus abdominis muscle to facilitate midline closure. Intraoperative and perioperative complications, early recurrence, pain, and narcotic usage were measured. Results: There were no significant intraoperative complications or conversions to open surgery. Patients were discharged at 1.2 days on average. Early postoperative complications included a hernia site seroma in one patient, which resolved without intervention. There were no early postoperative infections or recurrences. Compared with traditional laparoscopic IPOM repair, there was less acute postoperative pain and use of analgesics. Conclusions: Laparoscopic extraperitoneal stapled sublay mesh repair is a safe and effective method for the treatment of medium- to large-sized ventral and incisional hernias. This extraperitoneal stapled approach using self-gripping mesh facilitates a minimally invasive sublay repair and abdominal wall reconstruction using traditional laparoscopic tools.


Alexandra M. Moore, MD, Resident, General Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, Lisa N. Anderson, BS, Medical Student, Texas A&M Health Science Center, College of Medicine, Bryan, Texas, David C. Chen, MD, Associate Professor, Clinical Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California

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